Approximately half of all Americans between the ages of 65 and 75 have cataracts. At this time, there is no definitive way to prevent age-related cataracts, but early diagnosis improves treatment outcomes. So, if you are over age 60, you should have an eye examination at least once every 1-2 years. You should have an eye examination more often if you have any additional risk factors for cataracts, such as:
- High blood pressure
- Rheumatoid arthritis or other autoimmune diseases
- Any medical condition that requires you to take steroid medications for a long period of time
- A family history of cataracts or other eye diseases
Note: These are general guidelines. Follow the advice of your doctor when deciding how often to get your eyes examined.
The following measures may help reduce your risk of cataracts:
- Follow your treatment plan to manage chronic conditions.
- Avoiding excess exposure to radiation.
- Avoiding excess exposure to sunlight. Wear a hat and UVA/UVB-blocking sunglasses whenever in bright sunlight.
- If you smoke, talk to your doctor about how to quit.
- Limit your alcohol intake
- Wear protective eyewear when participating in sports to help avoid eye injury.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD, FAAP
- Review Date: 05/2017 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -