The purpose of screening is to find and treat diseases early. They are given to people who may be at high risk, but who don’t have problems.

Screening Guidelines

Adult screening:

  • Non-pregnant women every 5 to 10 years—more often for those at high risk
  • Pregnant women at the first prenatal visit

Children should be screened at 9 to 12 months of age. Some may need testing more often if they’re at high risk.

Screening Tests

These can be done as part of a normal physical exam. Anemia can be found with these:

  • Hematocrit—Counts the ratio of your blood that’s red blood cells (RBCs).
  • Hemoglobin—Tests the amount of this protein in your blood. It carries oxygen to your cells.
  • Complete blood count (CBC)—Counts RBCs, white blood cells (these fight infection), and platelets (these help the blood to clot).

Revision Information

  • Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Marcin Chwistek, MD
  • Review Date: 09/2018 -
  • Update Date: 10/15/2018 -