Maze Procedure -- Open Surgery
Maze Procedure—Open Surgery
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Reasons for Procedure
- Anesthesia-related problems
- The need for a permanent pacemaker
- Kidney or other organ failure
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Physical exam, including blood and urine tests
- Chest x-ray
- Electrocardiogram (EKG)—a test that records the heart’s activity by measuring electrical currents through the heart muscle
- Talk to your doctor about your medications, including over-the-counter medications. You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to one week before the procedure.
- Arrange for someone to drive you home from the hospital. Also, have someone help you at home.
- Eat a light meal the night before. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.
- If you smoke, talk to your doctor about how you can successfully quit.
Description of the Procedure
Immediately After Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
- Fluids and pain medication will be given through an IV line. You may be given medication to help control build up of fluids.
- Efforts will be made to get you out of bed and walking as soon as possible.
- You will be asked to do deep breathing and coughing exercises. This will help reduce the risk of fluid build up in your lungs.
- If a pacemaker was placed, you will be given instruction on its care.
- Washing their hands
- Wearing gloves or masks
- Keeping your incisions covered
- Washing your hands often and reminding visitors and healthcare providers to do the same
- Reminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masks
- Not allowing others to touch your incisions
- Rest when needed. At first, it is normal to feel more tired than usual.
- Walk daily. Activity will help with the healing process.
- Keep the incision area clean and dry.
- Limit certain activities until you have recovered.
Call Your Doctor
- Cough or shortness of breath
- New chest pain
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Palpitations or rapid heart rate
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from the incision site
- Persistent nausea and/or vomiting
- Pain that you cannot control with the medications you've been given
- Coughing up blood
- Headache or feeling faint
- Inability to urinate
- Pain, burning, urgency, frequency of urination, or persistent bleeding in the urine
- Pain and/or swelling in your feet, calves, or legs
- New or worsening symptoms
- Sudden chest pain
- Sudden shortness of breath
- Problems with vision or speaking
- Numbness or weakness on one side of your body
Heart Rhythm Society http://www.hrsonline.org
Society of Thoracic Surgeons http://www.sts.org
Canadian Cardiovascular Society http://www.ccs.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
A patient’s guide to heart surgery. University of Southern California Cardiothoracic Surgery website. Available at: http://www.cts.usc.edu/hpg-index.html. Accessed December 29, 2014.
Atrial fibrillation surgery—Maze procedure. Society of Thoracic Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.sts.org/patient-information/arrhythmia-surgery/atrial-fibrillation-surgery. Accessed December 29, 2014.
Maze procedure for treatment of atrial fibrillation. University of Southern California Cardiothoracic Surgery website. Available at: http://www.cts.usc.edu/mazeprocedure.html. Accessed December 29, 2014.
Maze surgery. Texas Heart institute website. Available at: http://www.texasheartinstitute.org/HIC/Topics/Proced/mazes.cfm. Updated August 2014. Accessed December 29, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO
- Review Date: 12/2014 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -