A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.
It is possible to develop gout with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing gout. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your doctor what you can do to reduce your risk.
High levels of uric acid in the blood is the main risk factor for gout.
Gout is more common in men over 30 years old, an usually doesn't usually affect women until after menopause. The risk for gout is increased if other family members have gout.
Other factors that may increase your chance of gout include:
Lifestyle factors that increase the risk of gout include:
- Obesity—poor eating habits can lead to an increase of uric acid in the blood
- Eating a diet high in foods with purines, such as seafood, shellfish, or red meat
- Excess intake of alcohol
- Drinking high-fructose beverages, such as sugar-sweetened sodas and orange juice
- High blood pressure
- Vascular diseases that affect blood vessels
- Kidney disease
- Thyroid disorders
- Organ transplantation
Medications and vitamins that may increase the risk of gout include:
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014 -
- Update Date: 12/05/2014 -