The ability to miniaturize equipment and use cameras to see inside the body has led to the advanced technology used in minimally invasive surgery. Laparoscopic instruments allow surgeons to perform the same techniques as "open" procedures - without the large incision.
During minimally invasive surgery, small, thin fiber-optic scopes and miniaturized surgical instruments are introduced into the body through a few small incisions - each measuring less than half an inch in length. The scopes light up the internal tissue and relay images to video monitors in the surgical suite. The entire surgical team monitors real-time images, as surgeons use tiny specialized tools to perform a variety of procedures.