Hair loss is a common side effect of chemotherapy. But not all drugs cause hair loss. Your doctor can tell you if hair loss might occur with the drug or drugs you are taking. The hair may become thinner or fall out entirely. Hair loss can occur on all parts of the body, including the head, face, arms and legs, underarms, and pubic area.
The hair usually grows back after the treatments are over. Some people even start to get their hair back while they are still having treatments. Sometimes, hair may grow back a different color or texture.
Hair loss does not always happen right away. It may begin several weeks after the first treatment. Many people say their head becomes sensitive before losing hair. Hair may fall out gradually or in clumps. Any hair that is still growing may become dull and dry.
Caring for Your Scalp and Hair
Here are some tips on caring for your scalp and hair during chemotherapy:
- Use a mild shampoo.
- Use a soft hairbrush.
- Use low heat when drying your hair.
- Have your hair cut short. A shorter style may make your hair look thicker and fuller. It also will make hair loss easier to manage if it occurs.
- Use a sunscreen, sun block, hat, or scarf to protect your scalp from the sun if you lose hair on your head.
- If you usually curl your hair, avoid using brush rollers.
- Avoid dying, perming, or relaxing your hair.
Some people who lose all or most of their hair choose to wear turbans, scarves, caps, wigs, or hairpieces. Others leave their head uncovered. Still others switch back and forth, depending on whether they are in public or at home with friends and family members. There are no "right" or "wrong" choices; do whatever feels comfortable for you.
If you choose to cover your head:
- Get your wig or hairpiece before you lose a lot of hair. That way, you can match your current hairstyle and color. You may be able to buy a wig or hairpiece at a specialty shop just for cancer patients. Someone may even come to your home to help you. You can also buy a wig or hairpiece through a catalog.
- You may also consider borrowing a wig or hairpiece, rather than buying one. Check with the nurse or social work department at your hospital about resources for free wigs in your community.
- Take your wig to your hairdresser or the shop where it was purchased for styling and cutting to frame your face.
- Some health insurance policies cover the cost of a hairpiece needed because of cancer treatment. It is also a tax-deductible expense. Be sure to check your policy and ask your doctor for a "prescription."
Losing hair from your head, face, or body can be hard to accept. Feeling angry or depressed is common and perfectly all right. At the same time, keep in mind that it is a temporary side effect. Talking about your feelings can help. If possible, share your thoughts with someone who has had a similar experience.