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West Hills Hospital & Medical Center

Reducing Your Risk of Periodontal Disease

The following steps can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease:

  • Follow good dental self-care practices.
  • Get regular professional dental care.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Eat nutritiously.
  • Brush your teeth twice daily:
    • Use an end-rounded, soft-bristled toothbrush.
    • If you have trouble managing with a manual toothbrush, consider using an electric toothbrush.
    • Use a toothpaste containing fluoride.
    • Hold your brush at a 45° angle with the bristles toward the gum.
    • Brush every tooth surface and along the gum line, using small, circular motions.
  • Clean between your teeth once each day, using either floss or another cleaning aid prescribed by your dentist.
  • Ask your dentist if you would benefit from a fluoride mouth rinse.

You should see your dentist every 6 months for a careful cleaning and for a thorough dental checkup. Furthermore, if you’ve already been diagnosed with periodontal disease, you should have a more thorough cleaning every 3 months.

Smoking is a major risk factor for the development of periodontal disease. Talk to your doctor about programs and aids to help you stop smoking.

A nutritious diet can help you fight all forms of infection, including the kind that causes periodontal disease. Ask your doctor whether you would benefit from working with a nutritionist.

Revision Information

  • Gum (Periodontal) Disease. NIH SeniorHealth website. Available at: Accessed August 17, 2016.

  • Periodontal disease. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: Updated March 10, 2015. Accessed August 17, 2016.

  • Periodontal (gum) disease: Causes, symptoms, and treatments. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at: September 2013. Accessed August 17, 2016.

  • Preventing periodontal disease. American Academy of Periodontology website. Available at: Accessed August 17, 2016.